Mahi Clinic / Conditions  / Ligament Injury / ACL Tear

ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) Tear

Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one the major ligaments in our knee and often more susceptible to be affected during a knee injury. Anterior Cruciate Ligament or ACL tears or sprain are common in strenuous sports like football, basketball, volleyball and so on.
The anterior cruciate ligament is found within our knee joint, running diagonally across the middle of our knee. This ligament offers rotational as well as antero posterion stability to our knee. An injury to the ligament might lead to sudden and intense pain, swelling and inability to bear weight or loss of balance.

Symptoms of ACL Injury

ACL injuries are more likely to occur in sports. Here are some of the symptoms which normally accompany an ACL injury.

  • Feeling of give away – knee is not under control while walking
  • Inability to perform any activity due to intense pain
  • Swelling in the knee area,within hours of injury
  • Inhibited range of motion
  • Inability to bear weight or a general feeling of instability
Causes of ACL Injury

ACL helps in stabilising the knee joint and connects the shinbone or tibia with the thighbone (femur). Most of the injuries related to ACL are known to occur due to an increased stress on knee during fitness or sports activities. This can be during the following:

  • An incorrect landing during a jump
  • A direct collision on knee or falling that puts strain on the knee
  • Pivoting while the foot is planted firmly on ground
  • Changing directions suddenly – Rotational
  • Stopping suddenly during a fast movement

ACL Conservative treatments:

  • Prompt First aid to reduce pain and swelling
  • Adequate rest to avoid unnecessary movements
  • Elastic Band Compression
  • Elevation

ACL Surgical Procedures:
Arthroscopic ACL Reconstruction
An ACL reconstruction surgery is usually performed after 10 to 15 days following the injury. The surgery involves replacement of the damaged ligament with a graft. The surgery followed by rehabilitation therapy helps in restoring the full functionality of the ligaments.

Post Surgery Rehabilitation:

  • Patient is made to walk on the same day of the surgery.
  • Before patient gets discharged he or she is trained to climb stairs and use of closet.