Knee fracture

A knee fracture refers to a break in one or more bones in the knee joint, which is the largest joint in the body and is critical for mobility and stability. Knee fractures can occur as a result of a traumatic injury, such as a fall, direct blow, or motor vehicle accident, or from overuse and repetitive stress on the knee joint. The bones of the knee include the patella, femur, fibula, and tibia.



  • Falls OR car accidents OR sports activities OR direct hit to the knee.


  • Pain, swelling, deformity, bruising, and tenderness of the joint.
  • Inability to put weight on the leg, trouble bending and moving the knee.


  • Non-surgical treatment including immobilization by a splint, or brace.
  • Severe cases may require surgery to reduce the bone and restore mobility.

Diagnosis & Treatment

  • Diagnosis of a knee fracture typically involves a physical examination.
  • Imaging tests such as X-rays, MRI scans, or CT scans.
  • Evaluation by an orthopaedic specialist.

It is important to seek prompt medical attention if you suspect you have a knee fracture, as untreated or improperly treated fractures can lead to complications such as chronic pain, limited mobility, or the development of arthritis. With proper care and treatment, most knee fractures will heal over time, allowing for a return to normal activities. However, recovery may take several months and may require a significant period of rest and rehabilitation.

Physical therapy and rehabilitation can help improve the strength and stability of the knee and prevent future injury. Wearing proper protective gear and avoiding activities that put excessive stress on the knee joint can also help reduce the risk of knee fractures.

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    Dr. Vijay Kumar Sohanlal
    Orthopedic surgeon
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