The knee joint is one of the largest and most complex joints in the human body.It connects the femur (thigh bone) and tibia (shin bone).

  • The knee joint is a hinge joint, allowing for flexion (bending) and extension (straightening) of the leg.
  • The patella (kneecap) is a small, flat bone that protects the knee joint.
  • The knee joint is supported by a network of ligaments, including the ACL, PCL, MCL, and LCL,
  • The knee ligaments provide stability and prevent excessive movement of the joint.
  • The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that acts as a shock absorber.


  • Knee injuries can be caused by sudden trauma, overuse, or degeneration over time.
  • Common knee injuries and related conditions include ACL tears, meniscus tears, osteoarthritis


  • Pain, swelling, stiffness, instability, and difficulty moving the knee.


  • Treatment for knee injuries may include rest, ice, compression, elevation
  • Physical therapy, exercises, and in some cases, surgery.

To prevent knee injuries, it is important to maintain good overall health, wear proper footwear and protective gear during physical activities, and avoid overuse injuries by taking breaks and listening to your body.

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    Dr. Vijay Kumar Sohanlal
    Orthopedic surgeon
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